Pinus fenzeliana

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Hainan white pine
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Gymnospermae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: P. subg. Strobus
Section: P. sect. Quinquefoliae
Subsection: P. subsect. Strobus
P. fenzeliana
Binomial name
Pinus fenzeliana

Pinus fenzeliana commonly known as the Hainan white pine or Fenzel's pine, is a tree endemic to the island of Hainan off southern China.[2] This pine reaches heights of 20 m[3] with a trunk 1 m in diameter.


The leaves are needle-like, in fascicles of five, and 5–13 cm long. The seed cones are 6–11 cm long, with thick, woody scales; the seeds are large, about 8–15 mm long, with a vestigial 3 mm wing, similar to the related Chinese white pine (Pinus armandii). Hainan white pine differs from that species in the shorter needles, smaller cones, and in being adapted to a subtropical rainforest habitat.

A pine from the Dabie Mountains in Anhui, eastern China, first described as a species Pinus dabeshanensis, is occasionally treated as a variety of this species, but more commonly as a variety of P. armandii, which it more closely resembles.

Reports of Pinus fenzeliana from Vietnam have not been verified; trees in this area have proved to be either Vietnamese white pine (Pinus dalatensis) or Guangdong white pine (Pinus wangii), which both differ markedly in cone and seed size and shape, though similar in foliage.


  1. ^ Farjon, A. (2013). "Pinus fenzeliana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013: e.T34188A2849923. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T34188A2849923.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Pinus fenzeliana" at the Encyclopedia of Life
  3. ^ "Hainan White Pine Description_DiscoverPlants".

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