Monett, Missouri

Coordinates: 36°55′19″N 93°55′40″W / 36.92194°N 93.92778°W / 36.92194; -93.92778
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Monett, Missouri
Monett Downtown facing west
Monett Downtown facing west
Motto: 
Pride & Progress
Location of Monett, Missouri
Location of Monett, Missouri
Coordinates: 36°55′19″N 93°55′40″W / 36.92194°N 93.92778°W / 36.92194; -93.92778
CountryUnited States
StateMissouri
CountiesBarry, Lawrence
TownshipMonett, Pierce
Founded1870
Incorporated1887
Government
 • MayorMike Brownsberger[1]
Area
 • Total8.82 sq mi (22.83 km2)
 • Land8.79 sq mi (22.77 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
Elevation1,309 ft (399 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total9,576
 • Density1,089.05/sq mi (420.48/km2)
DemonymMonettian
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
65708
Area code417
FIPS code29-49196
GNIS feature ID2395370[3]
Websitecityofmonett.com

Monett is the most-populous city in the Barry and Lawrence counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. The city is located in the Ozarks, just south of Interstate 44 between Joplin and Springfield. According to the 2020 census, the population of the town was estimated to be 9,576 individuals.[4]

History[edit]

Southwest Missouri, including the area of what is now Monett, was inhabited by Native Americans of the Osage Nation until their forced removal to Indian Territory.

Settlement: 1870-1900[edit]

Logan McKee flying the DeChenne Aeroplane in Monett, Missouri

Monett was created as a railroad town by the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway ("Frisco Line"), which was extended into the area in 1870, and a branch line going to Paris, Texas, was built. Both lines are still in existence and operated by the BNSF Railway. During this time the area went through several names including Kings Prairie Depot, Plymouth, Plymouth Junction (when the southern branch was built in 1880), Gonten (named for the local postmaster because the Post Service said there were other Plymouths); and finally Monett in 1887 when the area was formally platted and the Monett name was applied to the post office.[5] It was named for Henry Monett who was a popular general station agent for various railroads including the New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad ("Nickel Plate Railroad") before becoming an agent for the New York Central Railroad shortly before his death at the age of 35 in 1888.[6][7][8][9]

The Presbyterian Church in Monett, Missouri

The community was very much noted for being a rail town and had a Harvey House operating at the Frisco train station from 1896 until 1930.[10] The community in the Ozark Mountains also had a thriving fruit business and was nicknamed the "Strawberry Capital of the Midwest."[11] The Ozark Fruit Growers Association building, which was built in 1927, is part of the Downtown Monett Historic District and is on the National Register of Historic Places.

WPA mural, Products of Missouri by James McCreery, in Monett post office

The David W. Courdin House, Downtown Monett Historic District, and Waldensian Church and Cemetery of Stone Prairie are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[12][13]

In 1894, a lynching and race riot in took place in Monett before the violence spread to Pierce City and other southwestern Missouri towns. Monett became a sundown town, banning African Americans from living or staying there after dark, with a sign across the main street saying: "Nigger, don't let the sun go down."[14][15] A newspaper in another Missouri town reported in 1906 that "Monett, Pierce City, Rogers, Ark., and several other towns around here have driven the negros out."[16] When Pierce City drove out its African American population in an act of ethnic cleansing, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch said the town had been "Monettized".[17]

20th century[edit]

From about 1908 through 1911, Monett investors led by L. B. Durnil and U. S. Barnsley sought to build an airplane. Their most successful attempt was the DeChenne aeroplane. The DeChenne aeroplane gave its first public demonstration flight in Monett on July 4, 1911, flown by Monett pharmacist Logan McKee. It then made an exhibition tour in Oklahoma and Texas.[18]

The population had reached 4,177 by 1910,[19] due in large part to the railroad and its roundhouse. By 1937, a promotional pamphlet reported one out of eight people in Monett worked for the railroad.[20]


In a postwar industrialization effort, the Monett Industrial Development Corporation brought light industry to the town, further diversifying the local and broader economy.[20] This diversification nearly doubled the population during the century, to 7,396 by 2000.

21st century[edit]

Through a combination of private investment and public resources, numerous restoration and revitalization projects have been undertaken in the historic downtown to restore its architectural quality, upgrade the infrastructure, drive local business success, and improve the quality of life.

In 2018, Missouri Governor Eric Greitens and Senator Roy Blunt announced an "Opportunity Zone" in Monett, allocating state and federal tax incentives for businesses that invest in the areas designated.[21] In 2018, Monett adopted the complete streets policy, the 39th city in Missouri to do so.[22]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18901,699
19003,11583.3%
19104,17734.1%
19204,2060.7%
19304,099−2.5%
19404,3957.2%
19504,7718.6%
19605,35912.3%
19705,93710.8%
19806,1483.6%
19906,5296.2%
20007,39613.3%
20108,87320.0%
20209,5767.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census[edit]

The 2020 United States census[23] counted 9,576 people, 3,246 households, and 2,193 families in Monett. The population density was 1,089.4 per square mile (420.6/km2). There were 3,537 housing units at an average density of 402.4 per square mile (155.3/km2). The racial makeup was 68.8% (6,588) white, 0.29% (28) black or African-American, 1.99% (191) Native American, 3.94% (377) Asian, 0.46% (44) Pacific Islander, 12.95% (1,240) from other races, and 11.57% (1,108) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 32.4% (2,925) of the population.

Of the 3,246 households, 35.5% had children under the age of 18; 46.9% were married couples living together; 28.9% had a female householder with no husband present. Of all households, 26.4% consisted of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.8 and the average family size was 3.3.

26.1% of the population was under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 17.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.6 years. For every 100 females, the population had 111.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older, there were 103.5 males.

The 2016-2020 5-year American Community Survey[24] estimates show that the median household income was $39,435 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,302) and the median family income was $45,522 (+/- $7,363). Males had a median income of $30,238 (+/- $2,467) versus $22,928 (+/- $3,920) for females. The median income for those above 16 years old was $26,624 (+/- $1,764). Approximately, 11.1% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under the age of 18 and 8.2% of those ages 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[25] of 2010, there were 8,873 people, 3,405 households, and 2,282 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,052.6 inhabitants per square mile (406.4/km2). There were 3,828 housing units at an average density of 454.1 per square mile (175.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.8% White, 0.8% African American, 0.9% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.5% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.0% of the population.

There were 3,405 households, of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.0% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.12.

The median age in the city was 34 years. 27.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.6% were from 25 to 44; 22.1% were from 45 to 64; and 14.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[26] of 2000, there were 7,396 people, 2,904 households, and 1,916 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,136.2 inhabitants per square mile (438.7/km2). There were 3,130 housing units at an average density of 480.8 per square mile (185.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.45% White, 2.00% African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 7.82% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races.

There were 2,904 households, out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out, with 26.5% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,764, and the median income for a family was $36,858. Males had a median income of $26,150 versus $18,211 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,048. About 9.2% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Monett's economy is based on manufacturing, financial services, software, retail and education. This community is driven primarily by its industrial sector. Several key businesses in town include Jack Henry & Associates, CoxHealth, Tyson Foods, Miracle Recreation Equipment Company, Schreiber Foods, Hydro Aluminum, International Dehydrated Foods, Miracle, Architectural Systems Inc., EFCO, and WinTech.

The town has seen rapid growth over the last two decades. More recently, heavy investment into Monett's Historical Downtown has brought new life to many businesses, and the area's cultural scene.

Monett is a part of the Southwest Missouri Council of Governments (SMCOG), providing urban planning and economic development resources for the ten county region around the Springfield metropolitan area, Missouri.[27]

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Monett is at the crossroads of U.S. Route 60 and Missouri Route 37, connecting the town to Interstate 44 and the metropolitan areas of Joplin, Springfield and Northwest Arkansas.[28]

Trains meeting in Monett

Airport[edit]

The Monett Municipal Airport (HFJ) is a public use airport, registering 18,100 aircraft operations annually in 2008. In the 2012 economic impact study conducted by the Missouri Department of Transportation, The Airport ranked 9th in the state of Missouri with a total output of 13.1 million dollars annually.[29]

Railroads[edit]

Monett was once a thriving depot used by the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway, today it is served by the BNSF Railway and the Arkansas and Missouri Railroad.

Education[edit]

Public[edit]

Monett is part of the Monett R-1 School District. The district has the following schools:

  • Monett High School
  • Scott Regional Technology Center
  • Monett Middle School
  • Monett Intermediate School
  • Central Park Elementary
  • Monett Elementary

Missouri Schools for the Severely Disabled (MSSD) is a state operated program serving Missouri students with severe disabilities in the greater Monett area at:

  • Oakview State School K-12 [30]

Private[edit]

The private schools in Monett include Berean Christian Academy and St. Lawrence Catholic Elementary.[31]

Higher education[edit]

Downtown Monett is home to a satellite campus of Drury University.

Library[edit]

Monett has a public library, a branch of the Barry-Lawrence Regional Library.[32]

Culture[edit]

Southwest Missouri is a close collection of cities, towns, and communities in the heart of the Ozarks; the majority of these are located between the metropolitan areas of Joplin and Springfield and the Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers area.

Entertainment and performing arts[edit]

  • Performing Arts Center (PAC) hosts performances by the Community Theatre.
  • Starting in 2018, on the first Friday of each month from May to August, the town holds the "First on Front", on Front Street and Broadway; this remains a festival with live music, food trucks, and a beer garden.

Sports[edit]

  • From 1936 to 1939, the Monett Red Birds played in the Arkansas-Missouri League, as a minor league affiliate of the St. Louis Cardinals.[33]
  • As a program, in 2018, the Monett High School Football team was inducted into the Missouri Sports Hall of Fame, for being one of the most successful football programs in state history, from 1927 to the present day. The program has won three state championships in 1971, 1977 and 2016; this is in addition to 12 conference championships and 13 district titles since the state implemented a structured post-season.[34]

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Radio[edit]

  • KKBL, 95.9 FM - Adult Contemporary/News

Magazines[edit]

  • "Connection"- A magazine dedicated to Southwest Missourians

Hospitals[edit]

Cox Monett Hospital, part of CoxHealth, built in 2021

Notable people[edit]

Geography[edit]

Monett is located at 36°55′25″N 93°55′20″W / 36.92361°N 93.92222°W / 36.92361; -93.92222 (36.923725, -93.922332).[35]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.45 square miles (21.89 km2), of which 8.43 square miles (21.83 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[36]

Climate[edit]

Climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).[37]

Climate data for Monett 4SW, Missouri (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1972–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23)
81
(27)
85
(29)
90
(32)
91
(33)
100
(38)
106
(41)
106
(41)
105
(41)
93
(34)
85
(29)
75
(24)
106
(41)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 44.1
(6.7)
48.7
(9.3)
57.6
(14.2)
67.4
(19.7)
75.2
(24.0)
83.3
(28.5)
88.3
(31.3)
88.4
(31.3)
81.0
(27.2)
69.8
(21.0)
57.1
(13.9)
47.2
(8.4)
67.3
(19.6)
Daily mean °F (°C) 34.0
(1.1)
38.1
(3.4)
46.8
(8.2)
56.4
(13.6)
65.0
(18.3)
73.5
(23.1)
78.0
(25.6)
77.3
(25.2)
69.7
(20.9)
58.4
(14.7)
46.6
(8.1)
37.5
(3.1)
56.8
(13.8)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 23.9
(−4.5)
27.5
(−2.5)
35.9
(2.2)
45.3
(7.4)
54.8
(12.7)
63.7
(17.6)
67.7
(19.8)
66.2
(19.0)
58.4
(14.7)
47.1
(8.4)
36.2
(2.3)
27.8
(−2.3)
46.2
(7.9)
Record low °F (°C) −16
(−27)
−16
(−27)
−2
(−19)
19
(−7)
29
(−2)
44
(7)
50
(10)
46
(8)
32
(0)
17
(−8)
4
(−16)
−17
(−27)
−17
(−27)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.47
(63)
2.21
(56)
3.78
(96)
4.65
(118)
6.04
(153)
4.93
(125)
4.01
(102)
3.14
(80)
4.91
(125)
3.67
(93)
3.77
(96)
2.85
(72)
46.43
(1,179)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 2.4
(6.1)
1.1
(2.8)
1.9
(4.8)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
1.1
(2.8)
6.7
(17)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 6.7 6.8 10.0 10.1 12.2 10.2 8.7 7.5 7.4 8.5 7.9 6.7 102.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 1.2 0.9 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.0 3.9
Source: NOAA[38][39]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mayor & Council". Welcome to the City of Monett. City of Monett. Archived from the original on 11 February 2016. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
  2. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 28, 2022.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Monett, Missouri
  4. ^ Bureau, US Census. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates Tables". The United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-07-22.
  5. ^ "Monett, Missouri History, A Town with Five Names".
  6. ^ "Charles Monett Obituary Oct 10, 1888". Democrat and Chronicle.
  7. ^ "Barry County Place Names, 1928-1945 (archived)". The State Historical Society of Missouri. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 30 August 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  8. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. pp. 206.
  9. ^ "Post Offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  10. ^ "Missouri Harvey Houses".
  11. ^ "Monett Chamber of Commerce". www.monett-mo.com.
  12. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  13. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 6/16/14 through 6/27/14. National Park Service. 2014-07-03.
  14. ^ Rucker, Walter; Upton, James Nathaniel, eds. (2007). "Southwest Missouri Riots (1894–1906)". Encyclopedia of American Race Riots. Vol. 2. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. pp. 603–607. ISBN 978-0-313-33302-6 – via Google Books.
  15. ^ "Negroes Killed or Driven Away". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. August 21, 1901. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com. Most of the refugees are making through the woods to Joplin, as Monett, the nearest town, has for years refused to permit a negro to reside there. Across the main street of Monett for years there has been a sign reading: 'Nigger, don't let the sun go down,' and no negro has been permitted to remain inside the corporation after dark.
  16. ^ "Negroes Lynched". Sedalia Weekly Democrat (Sedalia, Missouri). April 20, 1906. p. 9 – via newspapers.com.
  17. ^ "Pierce City, Missouri". Banished: American Ethnic Cleansings. PBS.org. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  18. ^ "Bill Caldwell: Logan McKee, Ed DeChenne pioneered aviation in Southwest Missouri".
  19. ^ "Monett, MO population".
  20. ^ a b Bishoff, Murray (November 18, 2014). "Monett Historic Preservation District gets final approval". Monett Times.
  21. ^ "Opportunity Zones | Department of Economic Development".
  22. ^ "Monett becomes 39th Missouri community with a Complete Streets policy".
  23. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2023-12-17.
  24. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2023-12-17.
  25. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  26. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  27. ^ Springfield metropolitan area, Missouri
  28. ^ "Monett, MO - Monett, Missouri Map & Directions - MapQuest". www.mapquest.com. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  29. ^ "Missouri Statewide Airports Economic Impact Study | Missouri Department of Transportation".
  30. ^ "Missouri Schools for the Severely Disabled | Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education".
  31. ^ "Top Monett, MO Private Schools (2018-19)". www.privateschoolreview.com. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  32. ^ "Locations". Barry-Lawrence Regional Library. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  33. ^ "Arkansas State League / Arkansas-Missouri League | Ballpark Digest". 4 November 2008.
  34. ^ "Monett High School Football Program".
  35. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  36. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  37. ^ "Monett, Missouri Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  38. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 3, 2021.
  39. ^ "Station: Monett 4SW, MO". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 3, 2021.

External links[edit]